Nicolas Guillen

Nicolas Guillen Batista was an Afro-Cuban poet, journalist and political activist. He was born in Camaguey, Cuba on July 10, 1902 and died in 1989.

Guillen was a part of the poesia negra or black poetry movement which focused on the blending of aspects of black and white culture. His first collection was Motivos de son in 1930. This was followed by West Indies Ltd. in 1934.  He was noted for his rhythmic poetry style and use of onomatopoeia. This was notable in perhaps his most popular poem, Sensemaya.

Nicolas Guillen was the National Poet of Cuba. He also received the Laureate of the International Botev Prize in 1976 and the National Prize for Literature in 1983.

Guillen's style and themes impacted the writings of later Afro-Cuba poets, such as Nancy Morejon, who was previously featured on this blog.


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